- The biggest strength of this framework is its versatility as the developers find themselves lost in an ocean of options.
- It shines brightest in the hands of experienced developers.
- It is lightweight, fast and has only a few simple concepts to grasp on a learning curve.
- Being light and fast, it is the first choice of developers for projects where speed is a priority.
- Being basic and small backbone provides you with foundation to build your dream app with innumerable options.
- Backbone.js doesn’t provide structure but provides basic tools to build your own structure.
- Memory management needs to be taken care of due to lack of view of lifecycle management. A change in route/state may lead to memory leaks unless personally cleaned up.
- It lacks two-way data binding support. In other words with a change in view you need to change the model and vice-a-versa. This enables you to write a lot of boilerplate.
- In Backbone.js views manipulate the DOM directly and makes it hard for the developers to test (unit wise) and hence affects its reusability.
It was released in 2009 by Brat Tech LLC but came to limelight after coming under the patronage of Google. Angular is known as Model-View (MV) framework because it doesn’t follow the typical MVC pattern. The top sites using Angular are VEVO, The Weather Channel and MSNBC.
- It has the feature of two-way data binding where the data is bound to HTML element in the view and it updates and displays the data of its own.in this framework both the model and the view are capable of updating the data.
- Two-way data binding allows Angular to reduce the amount of coding requirements to create dynamic view.
- Angular has a lot of built-in features and hence has less dependency on external libraries.
- It has a large community and has a faster growing popularity. Being backed by Google, the core team is innovating, developing productivity and constantly growing.
- It allows you to categorise your applications into building blocks like Controllers, Directive, Factories, Filters, Services and Views. Overall this structure creates the reusability of components.
- Angular is created to support unit-testing.
- The two-way binding which is much loved, is criticised to the same extent. Developers find it complicating the debugging process and hindering performance.
- Angular may not be quite apt for large and complex applications. It gives sluggish performance when any application calls for a complex UI.
- Angular is an Expressions Language and it renders them to be very powerful. It allows developers to put logic, do calculations and perform assignments in view templates. Too much of functionality inside the templates prove hard for developers to test them in isolation.
- Simple mistakes in spellings of a directive name or calling an undefined scope function which can be easily ignored, pose to be the biggest challenges to the developers leaving them scratching their heads for hours.
- Digest Cycle of Angular, the caretaker of dirty checking surprises the developers. Forgetting to call $digest() while running non-Angular context or creating infinite digest loops can lead the developer to an unseen trouble.
Ember calls itself to be “A framework for creating ambitious web application.” Released in 2011 and created by Yehuda Katz, Ember is said to be reminiscent of Ruby on Rails. It is 95KB minified and compressed for production and is the quite hefty. This extra size allows you to benefit its built-in functionality. Websites using Ember are Qualcomm, NBC News, Vine and Nest.
- The Ember community has a general principle of “convention over configuration”. It has a built-in templating library, routing and thousands of other things.
- Ember CLI is a very useful command line tool that handles a lot of things. It saves you from a mess of interfering with current build-up get you started with least effort.
- Ember, being free of corporate patronage, has a passionate and dedicated team that focuses on open source software.
- Ember has a brilliant Router and an optional data layer which is called Ember data. With innovation outset, Ember has a full-fledged data module which incorporates with Ruby-on-Rails or any other API that follows a set of convention.
- Concept of The Run Loop raises the performance goal of Ember. This ensures that even if data is updated several times, only a single DOM is updated to help keep loading the application and does not hinder the speed.
- The top drawback is that Ember’s API has changed even before it got stabilised. A lot of outdated content leads to confuse the developers who work on it for the first time.
- Very similar to Angular Ember has the same concern as you need to do the things “Ember Way”.
- A lot of built-in functionality and generated code, developers find it difficult to understand the exact situation. Being a large framework, the learning curve of developers is steep.
Recently released by Facebook in 2013, it is born with a different approach and hence stealing the show. Facebook says that unlike other frameworks that are client dominated MVC frameworks, React is more focussed on the View part of MVC. The Flux architecture of React makes it best suitable for larger applications. It is 120KB when minified and compressed for production. Being quite large in file size, it doesn’t have external dependencies. Sites using React are Facebook, Instagram, Flipboard, BBC and Netflix.
- It is the fastest of all the frameworks.
- React is getting popular over Angular and Ember as it is less of “domain Specific language” and is easy to learn.
- React has a component based approach where each of it represents a part of UI. This allows mixing and matching them all and also maximizing code reusability.
- React is used to create mobile application as well. Learn React once and use it for coding of both web and iOS apps.
- React is a server-side supporting framework. It serves a long awaited solution to the client-side framework relating to performance and SEO problems.
- React faces the most controversial aspects of its creation as it does not have any templates and uses components to generate UI.
- With the component approach of React, a lot of developers seem to be uncomfortable with the fact that everything concerning a component is located in a single place.
Framework diversity fosters innovation.